PR17 Caminho do Pináculo e Folhadal

PR17 Caminho do Pináculo e Folhadal

Beginning at the regional highway E.R. 110 on the way up to Paúl da Serra from Encumeada, this trail leads to the areas of Bica da Cana, Casa do Caramujo and Folhadal, coming to an end at regional highway E.R. 228 at the Encumeada junction.
Start
Lombo do Mouro
Finish
Encumeada
Total Time
13 H
Total Distance
14 Km
Highest Altitude
1620 m
Lowest Altitude
1000 m
DIFFICULTY
hard

Tunnels en route, carry a torch; the path may be slippery, wear anti-slip footwear.

This trail begins at Ginjas in the municipality of São Vicente and follows the walkway alongside the Fajã do Rodrigues levada or the Fajã da Ama Levada, both being the names used for this levada, it ends at the source of the levada in Ribeira do Inferno. This levada lies at an altitude of 580 metres and has as its source the Ribeira do Inferno stream, which separates the lands of Seixal from those of São Vicente and winds across ridges and through small valleys up to Rosário, where it is utilised in the irrigation of the farm lands of São Vicente. The exotic forest which you encounter at the beginning of the trail, with its maritime pines (Pinus pinaster) and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus), precedes the dense vegetation characteristic of the native forest – the Laurisilva, World Nature Heritage of UNESCO since December 1999. Waterfalls and frequent streams guarantee vitality to the species such as the Canary willow (Salix canariensis), as well as the large Madeira laurel (Ocotea foetens), Madeira mahogany (Persea indica), and the Lily-of-the-Valley tree (Clethra arborea) that abound along the levada. You’ll also notice the flowering species, such as geraniums (Geranium palmatum), Mandon’s Chrysanthemum (Argyranthemum pinnatifidum), Madeiran orchid (Dactylorhiza foliosa), and Canary buttercup (Ranunculus cortusifolius), easily recognised by their bright yellow flowers. Tunnels are common along this levada, and as you pass between the many, long tunnels, you will have the opportunity to appreciate the beautiful panoramic views of the São Vicente Valley landscape. You may catch sight of some of the birds that inhabit the areas that border this trail, from chaffinches (Fringilla coelebs maderensis), to the tiny birds such as the firecrest (Rugulus ignicapillus maderensis), which give life to this ecosystem and please the ear with their songs. Let yourself be enthralled by the scenery that surrounds you, as you wonder at the valleys that drop down to the bed of the stream and catch your breath for the return trip.


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